We often think expression lines are wrinkles, but that is not true.
Expression lines are the visible muscle movements of a normal face – such as “laugh lines” at the corners of our eyes, concentration lines between the eyebrows, and smile lines on cheeks.
Wrinkles are lines that persist as furrows and creases even with relaxed facial muscles, ie, no expression. Untreated habitual expression lines like a constant frown can deepen, and crease into a static wrinkle as collagen and fat are lost from the skin.
In the same way, even a deep set wrinkle, with correct treatment can reduce into a fine line making it much less apparent.
Did you know that botulinum toxin treatment has a history extending over 200 years?
As far back as in 1822, Dr Justinius Kerner, a German doctor, suggested that we may be able to reduce hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) by injections of botulinum toxin. As you know, we now regularly treat sweaty underarms with Botulinum toxin (Botox®). In the USA, clinics started treating patients with strabismus (squint) due to overactive eye muscles, with botulinum toxin (Botox®) after 1965.
Alan Scott, an American, was an early user of Botox in the treatment of the eye area. Allergan, the American manufacturer of Botulinum toxin (Botox®) applied for and was granted approval to market the drug by the US Federal Drugs Agency. Botulinum toxin (Botox®) is now registered and used in over 90 countries around the world. Other brands of botulinum toxin are also available in the UK, namely type A variants Azzalure, Bocouture, Dysport, Vistabel and Xeomin plus type B variant Neurobloc.
In 1987, Dr Jean Carruthers, a Canadian ophthalmologist, achieved the next significant knowledge development regarding botulinum toxin. While she treated her patients suffering from blepharospasm with Botulinum toxin (Botox®), Dr. Carruthers observed that her patients had less crow’s feet lines as a “side-effect” of this treatment. Along with her husband, a Consultant Dermatologist, (skin specialist), Dr Carruthers carried out clinical trials to assess whether the treatment was effective for this purpose.
Botulinum toxin is the most popular non-surgical wrinkle reduction treatment in the UK as well as the USA. Botulinum toxin (Botox®) is now licensed by the regulatory authorities in the U.S. and the UK for the treatment of glabellar lines and wrinkles as well as crows feet lines.
Some of our more popular brands of Botulinum Toxin Type A include the list below.
Botulinum Toxins have been used in Aesthetic Practices for many years and is very safe. They are still a very relevant treatment; they reduce the appearance of dynamic lines around the forehead and eye area. Injection technique is extremely important and it is essential that appropriate training is carried out.